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四川大学-香港理工大学灾后重建与管理学院研究生会

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what is Occupational therapy ?

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发表于 2020-11-9 14:42:04 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
https://wfot.org/about/about-occupational-therapy

Occupational therapy is a client-centred health profession concerned with promoting health and well being through occupation. The primary goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to participate in the activities of everyday life. Occupational therapists achieve this outcome by working with people and communities to enhance their ability to engage in the occupations they want to, need to, or are expected to do, or by modifying the occupation or the environment to better support their occupational engagement. (WFOT 2012)

Definition "Occupation"
In occupational therapy, occupations refer to the everyday activities that people do as individuals, in families and with communities to occupy time and bring meaning and purpose to life. Occupations include things people need to, want to and are expected to do.
For further information, read the "Definitions of Occupational Therapy from Member Organisations revised 2010" document in the Resources.
Where Occupational Therapists work
Occupational therapists work with all age groups and in a wide range of physical and psychosocial areas.
Places of employment may include hospitals, clinics, day and rehabilitation centres, home care programmes, special schools, industry and private enterprise.
Many occupational therapists work in private practice and as educators and consultants.
How Occupational Therapists work
Assessment
The occupational therapy process is based on initial and repeated assessments. The occupational therapist together with the person they are working with focus on individual and environmental abilities and problems related to activities in the person's daily life.
Assessment includes the use of standardised procedures, interviews, observations in a variety of settings and consultation with significant people in the person's life.
Planning
The results of the assessment are the basis of the plan which includes short and long-term aims of treatment. The plan should be relevant to the person's development stage, habits, roles, life-style preferences and the environment.
Intervention
Intervention focuses on programs that are person oriented and environmental. These are designed to facilitate the performance of everyday tasks and adaptation of settings in which the person works, lives and socialises. Examples include teaching new techniques and providing equipment which facilitate independence in personal care, reducing environmental barriers and providing resources to lessen stress.
Cooperation
Occupational therapists recognise the importance of teamwork. Cooperation and coordination with other professionals, families, caregivers and volunteers are important in the realisation of the holistic approach.


职业治疗是一个以客户为中心的健康专业,致力于通过职业促进健康和幸福。职业治疗的主要目标是使人们能够参与日常生活活动。职业治疗师通过与人们和社区合作来提高他们从事他们想要、需要或期望从事的职业的能力,或者通过改变职业或环境来更好地支持他们的职业参与来实现这一结果。(WFOT 2012)



“职业”的定义
在职业疗法中,职业是指人们作为个体、家庭和社区所从事的日常活动,以占用时间,为生活带来意义和目的。职业包括人们需要、想要和期望做的事情。

欲了解更多信息,请阅读参考资料中的“2010年修订的成员组织职业疗法定义”文件。

职业治疗师工作的地方

职业治疗师与所有年龄段的人一起工作,在生理和心理社会的各个领域都有工作。
就业地点可包括医院、诊所、日托和康复中心、家庭护理方案、特殊学校、工业和私营企业。
许多职业治疗师在私人诊所工作,并担任教育工作者和顾问。

职业治疗师如何工作

评估
作业治疗过程基于最初和反复的评估。职业治疗师和他们一起工作的人专注于个人和环境能力以及与人的日常生活活动相关的问题。
评估包括标准化程序的使用、访谈、在各种环境中的观察以及与此人生活中重要人物的协商。

计划
评估结果是计划的基础,包括短期和长期治疗目标。计划应与个人的发展阶段、习惯、角色、生活方式偏好和环境相关。

干预
干预的重点是以人为本和环境保护的项目。这些设计是为了促进日常任务的执行,以及适应人们工作、生活和社交环境。例子包括教授新技术和提供有助于个人护理独立性的设备、减少环境障碍和提供资源来减轻压力。

合作
职业治疗师认识到团队合作的重要性。与其他专业人员、家庭、照料者和志愿者的合作与协调对于实现整体方法非常重要。

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